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Ministry of Power

Fact Sheet on Rural Electrification Programme

Background

 

At the time of independence, only 3060 villages had electricity and hence, there was continuous emphasis on village electrification. India’s rural electrification programme passed through several stages and the focus of Rural Electrification was also shifted as per the need.

 

Year

Focus Area

Outcome

1950-66

Village Electrification

More than 45,000 villages covered

1966-91

Village Electrification; Pumpsets Enerigization

More than 2 lakh villages

& 1 crore pump sets energized

1991-2003

Villages Electrification; BPL connections

More than 2.64 lakh villages electrified and around 43 lakh pump sets energized

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 2004, it was estimated that around 1.25 lakh villages were still to be electrified, which were mainly from the states: UP – 40880, Jharkhand – 21695, Bihar- 19224, Odisha-9326, West Bengal- 6205, Assam- 5604, Meghalaya- 2468, Uttaranchal- 2550 and Arunachal Pradesh-1314 villages. However, state DISCOMs were not inclined towards village electrification program, because of:

·         Poor financial health of DISCOMs

·         Electrification of villages tends to increase AT&C losses

·         Remaining UE Villages were located in far flung/difficult areas

·         It was uneconomical to electrify these villages

In order to boost village electrification, Govt. of India launched a program “Accelerated electrification of 1 lakh villages and 1 crore Households in January 2004. The program was subsumed under RGGVY in March 2005. The focus of both programs was electrification of un-electrified villages and providing access to rural households along with free connections to BPL families. On implementation of these two programs, a total 109685 villages (Mainly of UP (27809), Bihar (23277), Jharkhand (18294), Odisha (14442), Assam (8334), West Bengal (4185)) were electrified till March 2015. 

 

Meanwhile, new Census-2011 was published, wherein many un-electrified habitations of electrified villages were declared as census villages and the number of villages had also increased. Taking into account the new census-2011, the total number of remaining un-electrified villages as on 1st April, 2015 were 18,452, which are mainly located in Odisha (3428), Assam (2892), Bihar (2747), Jharkhand (2581), Arunachal Pradesh (1578), Meghalaya (912), etc.

 

Government of India launched Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) in December 2014. It focuses on multiple aspects, which are: Separation of agriculture and non-agricultural feeders, strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution system including metering at distribution transformers/feeders/consumers and it subsumes components of all previous ongoing Rural Electrification schemes.

 

Definition of village electrification (w.e.f. October 2004) -  a village would be declared as electrified, if:

i.        Basic infrastructure such as Distribution Transformer and Distribution lines are provided in the inhabited locality as well as the Dalit Basti hamlet where it exists.

ii.        Electricity is provided to public places like Schools, Panchayat Office, Health Centers, Dispensaries, Community centers etc.

iii.        The number of households electrified should be at least 10% of the total number of households in the village.

 

UE Mission

 

On 15th August 2015, Hon’ble PM announced that all remaining Un-electrified (UE) villages would be electrified within 1000 days.  The Ministry of Power has taken up the electrification of all 18452 UE villages on Mission mode.

 

As a nodal agency, REC is responsible for close monitoring and regular interaction with the state power utilities so as to electrify all remaining UE villages within time. But the remaining 18,452 UE Villages are located in highly inaccessible areas (thickly forested, mountainous regions, etc.), areas with tough terrain, extreme temperatures, areas facing right of way (ROW) issues, or areas plagued by insurgency and Left-wing extremism (state/district specific challenges are as per Annexure-I). Hence, if village electrification could have continued using the existing strategy, it would have taken nearly 10 years to electrify the remaining villages. REC had the experience of successfully constructing around 12,000 toilets under Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan with the help of milestone-based micro-monitoring mechanism.

 

Drawing an analogy from this, REC has taken the following steps:

·         The state-wise list of un-electrified villages as on 1st April 2015 was compiled after taking inputs from the states and updating the Census 2011 codes. Further, mode of electrification (Grid/offgrid) and scheme for funding (DDUGJY/DDG/state plan) was marked against each village.

·         A new monitoring mechanism was set up to get regular progress of each village. The entire process of village electrification divided into 12 milestones.

·         Young electrical engineers: ‘Gram Vidyut Abhiyanta (GVA)’ were appointed at block/district level. On an average 20 villages were assigned to a GVA and each GVA visits at least 5 villages in a week.

·         A Mobile App “GARV” (Grameen Vidyutikaran) providing real-time updates on electrification status of each village was developed. The App was launched by Hon’ble Power Minister on 14th Oct, 2015. The mobile app is accessible for viewing to all stakeholders including general public at large.

·         To encourage participation of the general public and to promote greater transparency, the GARV app is available for download on the Google Play store, App store and on Windows mobiles. To receive the download link by SMS, one can dial the toll-free number 09220036666.

·         Each GVA has been equipped with a tablet installed with the GARV App for updating real time progress along with photographs. Making the process more transparent, the GVA captures photos of each village, which also are available for viewing to the general public.

·         GVA also updates the District Collector and district level DISCOM officials about villages’ electrification progress and hurdles, if any.

·         The villages, which are nearly at energisation stage, are shared with the states for declaring as electrified. List of villages where work are delayed are sent to DISCOMs for follow up.

·         Details of additional household connections being released in these villages are being captured on the GARV app/portal. While electrifying villages, sufficient DT capacities are being provided, so that 100% households have access to electricity.

 

Roles and responsibilities of GVA

·         Visiting villages on a regular basis

·         Capturing the milestone-wise progress including photographs of works

·         Updating the progress on GARV app

·         Coordinating with DISCOM officials, District Administration and REC

 

The approximately 375 GVAs already deployed have been trained to use the GARV app to capture data.

 

GARV App

Salient Features

Dashboard

  • The Dashboard updates on real time basis and is accessible for viewing to all. The dashboard provides information of:
    • Overview of electrification status
    • Number of milestones achieved
    • Progress of Grid and Offgrid projects
    • Weekly progress of electrification over the last 4 weeks
    • Villages where works are delayed for more than 2 months and more than 4 months
    • Segregation of uninhabited villages
    • State-wise snapshots
    • Feedback and suggestions from users
    • Villages found already electrified at the time of survey have also been displayed separately on the GARV Dashboard

 

     

 

 

 

  • Adoption of villages/districts/states and view their respective customized dashboard. They will also receive notifications whenever there is progress in the tracked village(s)/district(s)/state(s).

 

 

 

·         Parameters captured on the GARV app:

ü  Existing Infrastructure details (LT, HT, DT capacity): Infrastructure already created before first visit of GVA.

ü  Milestone-wise progress of ongoing works at the time of visit of GVA

ü  New Infrastructure details (LT, HT, DT capacity) created in the village during successive visits of GVA

ü  Household Data such as total number of households and households having electricity connections

ü  Electrification status of the village in line with the definition of village electrification

ü  Any additional details or discrepancies are recorded as Remarks of the GVA

 

 

 

Basis of 18,452 un-electrified villages identified under UE Mission

 

The execution of works and reporting of progress is the sole responsibility of the states. However, the Central government provides financial grant for execution of village electrification projects in order to facilitate states in rural electrification.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In order to electrify all villages in the country, the states were asked to provide the list of un-electrified villages. After due diligence and taking into account the new 2011 Census codes, the states have provided a list of 18,452 villages, and confirmed that they were un-electrified as on 1st April 2015. Most of these 18,452 villages were located in highly remote and inaccessible areas or areas plagued by insurgency and Left-wing extremism.

 

 

Annexure-I

State/districts wise challenges in electrification of villages are as under:

State

Total UE villages

Challenges

Arunachal Pradesh

1578

·         Remote and inaccessible

·         Hilly, tough terrain

·         Limited execution time

Assam

2892

·         Border dispute with Nagaland – Golaghat - 75, Jorhat-72

·         Insurgency affected districts – Karbi Anglong – 686 UE Villages, Kokrajhar – 38 UE villages, Dima Hasao – 273

·         Tough terrain – Dhemaji (477), Dhubri (146), Karimganj (82)

Bihar

2747

·         Law and order issues

·         Left wing extremism affected – Jamui (50), Gaya (350)

·         Flood affected area- Purnia (74), Katihar (1003)

·         Forest -  Kaimur (38), Champaran (61)

Chhattisgarh

1080

·         Left-wing extremism affected – Bastar (225), Dantewada (38), Sukma (192), Bijapur (192)

·         Forest issues

Himachal Pradesh

35

·         Hilly, tough terrain

·         Limited execution time

Jammu & Kashmir

134

·         Tough terrain – Leh (19)

·         Militancy - Kishtwar (44), Kupwara (26)

Jharkhand

2525

·        LWE affected – Palamu (414), Latehar (205), Garhwa (160), Pashchimi Singhbhum (357)

·        Forest issues

Karnataka

39

·         Remote, forest areas

Madhya Pradesh

472

·         Forest issues – Panna (68)

Manipur

276

·         Remote and inaccessible

·         Hilly, tough terrain

·         Limited execution time

Meghalaya

912

·         Remote and inaccessible

·         Hilly, tough terrain

·         Limited execution time

Mizoram

58

·         Remote and inaccessible

·         Hilly, tough terrain

·         Limited execution time

Nagaland

82

·         Remote and inaccessible

·         Hilly, tough terrain

·         Limited execution time

Tripura

26

·         Remote and inaccessible

·         Hilly, tough terrain

·         Limited execution time

Odisha

3474

·         LWE affected and forest issues – Malkangiri (225), Koraput (334), Nabarangput (192), Rayagada (403), Kandhamal (305), Angul (201), Deogarh (101)

Rajasthan

495

·         Desert areas – Jaisalmer (126)

·         Tribal area – Udaypur (124)

Uttar Pradesh

1529

·         ROW issues due to resistance from locals

Uttarakhand

76

·         Hilly, tough terrain

·         Limited execution time

West Bengal

22

·         Falls under Sunderban Area

 

 

Out of 18,452, a total of 7,108 unelectrified villages in last two years. List of state-wise electrified villages is as follows:

 

State-wise no. of villages electrified during the last two years

Sl. No.

    States

2014-15

2015-16

1

Arunachal Pradesh

107

174

2

Assam

190

942

3

Bihar

341

1754

4

Chhattisgarh

67

405

5

Himachal Pradesh

8

1

6

Jammu & Kashmir

9

27

7

Jharkhand

161

750

8

Madhya Pradesh

86

214

9

Manipur

192

75

10

Meghalaya

43

1

11

Mizoram

45

16

12

Nagaland

10

0

13

Odisha

13

1264

14

Rajasthan

70

163

15

Tripura

0

9

16

Uttar Pradesh

59

1305

17

Uttarakhand

4

0

18

West Bengal

0

8

 

Total

1405

7108

 

RM/PS

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